of culture of peace in Russia
Makers of the Program:
Concept of the Program
of development of culture of peace in Russia
Starting the development of the concept of such a large-scale program and being conscious of its importance the authors are well informed of the unfortunate destiny of all similar programs in the last years and of the active political forces having no definite motivation for this programs to be realized. We address ourselves to the arising civil society and hope for support of at least some people endowed with power.
It is a question of peace, i.e. of the society not torn apart with various destructive conflicts as now.
It is a question of culture of peace, i.e. of peaceful life, of skills of living peacefully, of abilities and qualities helping to prevent and resolve conflicts being rooted in culture and transmitted from one situation to another and from one generation to another.
It is a question of peace culture development, i.e. of conscious, manageable transformation of culture in a desired direction.
It is a question, finally, of a program of such development, and it is right for if we follow the activity approach it is a program as a complexly organized knowledge about one’s actions is the best means for managing the development of a complicated multifactor reality. It is, thus, a question not of composing a “program” of the common type wherein resources and dates are indicated but of launching a long-term process of programming, or of a program organisation of work in a chosen direction with step-by-step concretization of goals, tasks and plans.
Such a kind of work organization presupposes powerful thinking resources, multiple and various research and development and thus it needs a developed set of concepts. This is the reason for a special section titled “Basic concepts” where such abused concepts as “culture”, “culture technique”, “development” (as opposed to functioning), “management” (as opposed to administering), “program” (as opposed to “project” or “plan”) etc. are disdussed. Such clarification of the basic culturological, sociological concepts is the only way of making the concept of “culture of peace” meaningful.
The section “Program work organization” is dedicated to the basic constituents of programming process – situation analysis, thematization, goal-setting.
One of the key distinctions within the accepted approach is that of a task where means and methods of carrying-out are known and a problem where we have no ready-made means and methods, they should be found, developed to transform the problem to a realizable task. The strategy of problematization discusseb in the section Problematization and conflict is based on a view that the most important and most painful conflicts are due to deeply lying problems which should be revealed in a conflict situation. It is not conflict that is evil, it is a normal state of living, developing society, but the inability to see a problem behind a conflict and to transform a destructive conflict into a constructive one.
Finally, in the section Launching of a program organizational, financial and personnel conditions of such launching are discussed. A complex centralized and network organization is proposed with several subsidiary services, the service of methodological support being the most important of them.
The main directions
of culture of peace development in Russia
The nowadays sociocultural situation in our country with many conflicts tearing it apart – political and social, cultural and ethnic, confessional and generational, inherited and newborn, acute and chronical – could be rightly characterized with Thomas Hobbes’ phrase: war of all against all.
Starting the program organized work on developing “culture of peace” in our country in accordance with the proposed Concept one should base one’s actions on the following principles:
These principles are further applied to directions and problems of the movement to culture of peace in the main areas of the life of society. Among the topics discussed there are politics and law (from politics of force to politics of law, responsibility and development); inter-ethnic relations (from acute phenomena to chronical problem); defense and military development (from militarization of the whole country to strong professional army); culture (to active governmental culture policy and the dialogue with different groups and communities, to united Russian system of communicating cultures integrated to the world culture); education (from mere information to competence); religion (deepening and consistent use of the principle the freedom of conscience); media (from information to communication); club sphere, i.e. that of leisure and communication (regeneration) and sports (the development of mass sports).
Law and politics, education and media are considered the strategical areas which need preferential attention and are the most accessible to managed development.